Planting remains ahead of pace, but continued warmer temperatures and minimal rainfall is weighing on crop conditions across Missouri. The weekly USDA Crop Progress Report indicates that all corn has emerged, with 56 percent in good or excellent condition. That’s down from last week’s 67 percent. 12 percent is now considered to be in poor or very poor condition. 90 percent of soybeans are in the ground, with 81 percent emerged. That’s better than last year’s marks of 83 percent planted and 63 percent emerged, and much better than the five-year average. 48 percent of soybeans are in good or excellent condition, down from 54 percent last week. 15 percent of beans are now in poor or very poor condition. Sorghum planting is 86 percent complete, better than last year’s 78 percent. Five percent of the crop has headed. 51 percent is rated good or excellent, compared to seven percent poor.
Despite 6.5 days suitable for fieldwork, wheat harvest has gotten off to a slow start. Eight percent of the crop is out of the ground, down from 18 percent last year but just ahead of the five-year average. 54 percent is rated good or excellent against ten percent poor or very poor.
Almost a fourth of the Bootheel’s cotton crop has squared. Conditions have improved, with 57 percent in good or excellent condition while seven percent is poor. Rice also improved slightly, with 69 percent in good or excellent condition compared to four percent poor.
About 82 percent of alfalfa has received its first cutting, and four percent has been cut a second time. Both figures are behind last year’s pace but still comfortably ahead of the five-year average. 56 percent of other hay has also been cut, better than a year ago and the five-year average. Just 30 percent of pastures are in good or excellent condition, and 26 percent is rated poor or very poor. 68 percent of Missouri farmers report being short on adequate hay supply, while just over a fifth need more stock water. 58 percent of Missouri topsoil and 52 percent of subsoil lack adequate moisture. The average temperature across Missouri last week was five degrees above normal at 75.6 degrees. However, the average state rainfall last week was just two tenths of an inch, nearly nine-tenths below normal.